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Manuel Pinto da Costa

Manuel Pinto da Costa (Água Grande, August 5, 1937) is a Sao Tome economist and politician.

He held the position of president of Sao Tome and Principe between 1975 and 1991, where he ruled the country and played an important role in the struggle for independence of Portugal.

Educated at the Humboldt-Universität Berlin in the Democratic Republic of Germany, the former East Germany, he speaks Portuguese and German fluently.

He also participated in the Liberation Movement of São Tomé and Príncipe MLSTP, which gained independence before Portugal. During his rule (1975-1991), which was the first after the country's independence, a one-party socialist system was instituted.

On 31 January 1986 he was awarded the Grande-Colar of the Order of Prince Henry the Navigator of Portugal.

In 1996 he again applied for the position of president, losing at the polls for his fellow in the university in the course of Law Miguel Trovoada, by a small margin of votes. In 2001 he is defeated again, this time by Fradique de Menezes, in the first round of the elections.

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